Publisher: Journal of Glaucoma: August 2021

Authors: Gómez-Gómez, Alicia MSc*; Talens-Estarelles, Cristian MSc†; Alcocer-Yuste, Pablo MD, PhD‡; Nieto, Juan C. PhD†,§

Reliability of iCare ic100 Rebound Tonometry and Agreement With Goldmann Applanation Tonometry in Healthy and Post-myopic LASIK Patients

Abstract

Precis: Rebound tonometry offers excellent reliability for obtaining intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements in healthy and post-myopic laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) patients regardless of corneal parameters and axial length and regardless of the instillation of ocular topical anesthesia.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability of rebound tonometry, its agreement with Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT) and its concordance after topical anesthesia in a group of nonoperated healthy patients and a group of post-myopic LASIK patients.

Patients and Methods: Fifty-four patients were included in this prospective observational, case-control study. Patients were divided into 2 groups: control (n=32, 26.7±6.1 y) and LASIK (n=22, 35.8±7.6 y). Measurements of IOP were carried out using the iCare ic100 tonometer and GAT. The repeatability, intersession and interobserver reproducibility, GAT interchangeability and concordance after topical anesthesia of the iCare ic100 tonometer were assessed.

Results: Clinical reliability of the iCare ic100 was excellent in terms of repeatability [intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC)=0.909 and 0.951 in control and ICC=0.938 and 0.961 in LASIK] as well as interobserver reproducibility (ICC=0.896 in control and 0.916 in LASIK) and concordance after anesthesia (ICC=0.910 in control and 0.972 in LASIK) in both groups. Intersession reproducibility was clinically good in nonoperated patients (ICC=0.758 and 0.849) and excellent in LASIK patients (ICC=0.878 and 0.904), although statistically significant differences were obtained in the control group for both examiners (P=0.003 for examiner 1 and P=0.04 for examiner 2). Agreement with GAT was good in both groups (ICC=0.805 in control and 0.790 in LASIK), although statistically different (P<0.001 and P=0.02, respectively). Finally, the iCare ic100 reliability was independent of corneal parameters and axial length in both groups (P>0.05 for all parameters).

Conclusions: Rebound tonometry offers good or excellent clinical reliability in both healthy and post-myopic LASIK patients. This article highlights the efficacy of iCare ic100 rebound tonometry as a reliable tool for the measurement of IOP and the management of glaucoma in healthy patients and patients undergoing myopic LASIK surgery.